Conveyor Belts in Mining Industry


Mining conveyor belts are specialized types of conveyor belts that find application in the mining industry for transporting various mining products such as ore, coal, and slag. These conveyor belts are engineered to be highly durable, resistant to wear and corrosion, and ensure the safe and efficient transportation of materials from mining sites to processing equipment, storage areas, or loading points. They play a pivotal role in increasing production efficiency, reducing labor intensity, and ensuring overall safety in mining operations.

Key Features of Mining Conveyor Belts

Mining conveyor belts are typically constructed with multiple layers of reinforced materials, such as polyester, nylon, or steel wire ropes, to ensure reliability and durability in harsh working environments and for heavy-duty transport requirements. These conveyor belts possess the following characteristics:

Large Conveying Capacity: Mining conveyor belts are designed to handle substantial quantities of materials, necessitating wide widths and high speeds to accommodate high production capacity and throughput.

Long-Distance Transportation: These conveyor belts are commonly employed for long-distance material transportation, enabling them to traverse challenging terrains including mountains and rivers. They feature extended lengths and sufficient strength to support such long-distance transportation needs.

Corrosion and Weather Resistance: Mining environments often involve corrosive chemicals and harsh weather conditions. Therefore, mining conveyor belts are engineered to be corrosion and weather resistant. Commonly used materials include acid and alkali resistant rubber, wear-resistant polyurethane, and high-temperature resistant PTFE.

High Safety Requirements: Mining operations are associated with hazardous and complex environments, including risks of collapse, fire, explosion, and more. Consequently, conveyor belts used in mining require relevant safety features, such as protective covers, emergency stop devices, and anti-skid measures, to ensure the safety of workers and equipment.

Distinct  Mining Operations

When selecting the appropriate conveyor belt for the mining industry, various practical variables need to be considered, such as the mining location, nature of the ore, conveying capacity, maintenance, and lifespan. Additionally, the type of mining, whether underground or above-ground/surface mining, also influences the conveyor belt requirements. Let’s explore the different requirements for conveyor belts in these mining scenarios:

Underground Mining Conveyor Belts:

Conveyor belts used in underground mines necessitate good wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and dust resistance to ensure stable long-term operation within the humid, dusty, and high-temperature working environments. They must meet the length and capacity requirements for transporting ore from underground to the surface.

Given the restricted working environment and safety concerns, conveyor belts used in underground mines must prioritize reliability and safety. The design and material selection of these conveyor belts must consider the unique conditions of underground mines, ensuring safe and reliable operation under high-intensity, long-term working conditions. Furthermore, they require excellent flexibility and adaptability to maneuver through narrow and curved spaces smoothly.

In summary, conveyor belts used in underground mines require wear resistance, corrosion resistance, dustproofing, high strength, large capacity, reliability, safety, flexibility, and adaptability to meet the material transportation needs in complex working environments.

Above-Ground/Surface Mining Conveyor Belts:

Conveyor belts used in above-ground and surface mines face lower requirements compared to underground mines due to more favorable environmental conditions. They do not face the same challenges of humidity, high temperatures, and restricted spaces. Consequently, conveyor belts used in above-ground and surface mines have relatively lower demands for wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and dustproof performance.

For open-pit mines exposed to various climatic conditions, conveyor belts require excellent weather resistance to withstand factors such as sun exposure, wind erosion, and rain, ensuring long-term reliable operation.

Given the shorter conveying distances in above-ground and surface mines, the length and capacity requirements for conveyor belts are usually smaller. Additionally, the spacious, safe, and stable working environments of these mines result in lower safety requirements and reduced demands for flexibility and adaptability in conveyor belts.

In conclusion, conveyor belt requirements differ between underground mines, above-ground mines, and open-pit mines in terms of environmental conditions, distance and capacity, safety requirements, and operating environments. Thus, comprehensive consideration of these factors is necessary when selecting and designing conveyor belts to meet material conveying needs and ensure safe and efficient mining operations.

Types of Conveyor Belts Used in Mining

To cater to various mining requirements, conveyor belts used in mining can be classified into different types.This article by Bsbeltfactory will explore the commonly used types of mining conveyor belts and their applications:

Steel Cord Conveyor Belt:

These conveyor belts feature high strength and wear resistance, making them suitable for heavy-duty conveying in large mines. They utilize steel wire ropes as a strong support, enabling them to withstand high tension and transport heavy materials.

Canvas Core Conveyor Belt:

Typically composed of multiple layers of canvas and covered with rubber, these conveyor belts offer high flexibility and adaptability. They are suitable for medium-load transportation in small and medium-sized mines and are commonly used in coal mines and similar applications.

Patterned Conveyor Belt:

These conveyor belts have raised patterns on their surface, which increase friction and prevent material slippage. They are suitable for inclined and steep slope conveying, as well as applications requiring anti-slip properties. Patterned conveyor belts find common use in mining, port, and metallurgical industries.

Flame-Retardant Conveyor Belt:

Made from flame-retardant materials, these conveyor belts can prevent the spread of fire and reduce fire hazards. They are suitable for material transportation in flammable environments such as coal mines, ensuring the safety of personnel and equipment.

Ripstop Belt:

Designed with tear-resistant properties, these conveyor belts prevent the further propagation of tears or damages when materials are prone to tearing or have sharp edges.

Abrasion-Resistant and Impact-Resistant Belts:

These conveyor belts are specifically engineered to withstand harsh conditions and protect against damage. They are ideal for conveying heavy materials such as rocks, ores, and gravel.

High-Temperature Conveyor Belts:

Mining operations often involve high-temperature materials that can damage conventional conveyor belts. High-temperature conveyor belts are manufactured with heat-resistant materials, enabling them to operate safely in high-temperature environments without losing their shape or durability. They are commonly used in the metallurgical, glass, and steel industries for transporting materials at elevatedtemperatures.

Sidewall Conveyor Belt:

These conveyor belts are designed to convey bulk materials at large angles, including vertical conveying, with high capacity. They are ideal for transporting coal, ore, and other heavy materials.

Oil-Resistant Conveyor Belt:

Designed with resistance to oil, solvents, and chemicals, oil-resistant conveyor belts are suitable for conveying oily materials or working in environments with oil pollution.

Besides the generally employed types of mining belts, we also want to introduce Fire Resistant Conveyor Belt and Antistatic Conveyor Belt which is frequently seen in underground mining.

Fire Resistant Conveyor Belt

Due to the special fire and explosion risks associated with underground mine environments, it is important to use fire resistant conveyor belts. The fire-resistant conveyor belt is made of flame-retardant materials, which can prevent the fire from spreading when a fire occurs, slow down the impact of the fire on the conveying system, and provide enough time for miners to evacuate and extinguish the fire. 

Antistatic Conveyor Belt

At the same time, underground mines also have the risk of static electricity accumulation and explosion, so it is necessary to use anti-static conveyor belts. The anti-static conveyor belt is made of conductive materials, which can quickly discharge static electricity and prevent static electricity accumulation and sparks from causing explosions. This type of conveyor belt helps maintain a safe underground mine environment, protecting miners and equipment from hazards caused by static electricity.

In summary, there are various types of conveyor belts used in mining, each catering to specific mining requirements. The selection of the most suitable type depends on factors such as material properties, conveying capacity, environmental conditions, safety requirements, maintenance needs, and cost-effectiveness.

How to Choose a Mining Conveyor Belt

When choosing a suitable solution for mine belting, it is important to consider several factors to ensure optimal performance. The following aspects require special attention:

Material Properties: Different ores and coals have varying physical properties, such as particle size, humidity, and viscosity. These properties influence the selection and design of the conveyor belt. For example, materials with high humidity may require a conveyor belt with good water resistance to prevent moisture-related issues.

Conveying Capacity: Mining conveyor belts must have the capacity to handle large volumes of material. Consider the width, speed, and working capacity of the conveyor belt to ensure it meets the desired conveying volume and capacity requirements.

Environmental Conditions: Mining environments are often harsh, with challenges such as high temperatures, low temperatures, humidity, and dust. The chosen conveyor belt should be able to withstand these conditions, featuring wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and high temperature resistance.

Safety Requirements: Safety is of utmost importance in the mining industry. The design and installation of conveyor belts must comply with relevant safety standards and regulations. Consider features like protective covers, emergency stop devices, and anti-skid measures to ensure worker and equipment safety.

Maintenance and Durability: Mining conveyor belts require regular maintenance to ensure proper functioning and longevity. Consider the ease of maintenance and cleaning when selecting a conveyor belt. Features like easy disassembly, assembly, and cleaning can contribute to efficiency and durability.

Cost-effectiveness: Cost-effectiveness is a crucial consideration in the mining industry. Apart from the price of the conveyor belt itself, consider factors such as its lifespan, maintenance costs, energy consumption, and overall efficiency to determine the most cost-effective solution.


The selection of mining conveyor belts requires comprehensive consideration of factors such as material properties, conveying capacity, environmental conditions, safety requirements, maintenance needs, and cost-effectiveness. Collaborating with professional suppliers and engineers is recommended to obtain the best conveyor belt solution for specific mining operations.

About Bsbeltfactory

As a professional conveyor belt manufacturer, Bsbeltfactory is a reliable expert that helps you find the best mine belting solutions for your application. With 17+ years of experience, we have partnered with numerous clients to serve a variety of industries with custom belts. We all know finding a reliable supplier and suitable material at reasonable prices is the key to success, If you want to customize your bulk orders, contact us and meet your business needs.


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